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Fast Facts: NASCAR

[dropcap style=”style1, style2, style3, or style4″]I[/dropcap]ts NASCAR weekend at Phoenix International Raceway (PIR), in Phoenix, Arizona. Here are 17  fast facts for the first timer or seasoned NASCAR race goer:

  1. NASCAR stands for the “National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing.”
  2. NASCAR is the main governing body for stock car racing in the United States.
  3. NASCAR was created by William H.G. (Bill) France.
  4. NASCAR runs multiple national series, the Sprint Cup Series is regarded at the top level, while the AXALTA Series is below it.
  5. Money collected from fines throughout the year is donated to charity.
  6. In 2011, Scarborough conducted a study which found that NASCARs fan base is composed of 63 percent male and 37 percent female. Forty-four percent of NASCAR fans are between the ages of 18 and 44 years old while NASCARs TV audience has the highest share of women, approximately 37 percent.
  7. The first NASCAR race was held on a 3/4 mile dirt track at the Charlotte Speedway in Charlotte North Carolina on June 19, 1949. This event also saw its first crash involving Lee Petty at lap 107 during the Winston cup Race.
  8. NASCAR cars are meant to resemble the standard American sedan and are required to have three “stock” parts from the manufacturer, most commonly this is the hood, the roof, and trunk lid. NASCAR cars also feature fenders. Because each car is essentially hand made, fabricators have to stick to shape templates so all cars look about the same.
  9. The total weight of a Sprint Cup Series car is 3,450 pounds, this allows for a 200 pound driver. If the driver does not meet 200 pounds, ten pound weights are added till they reach 200 pounds.
  10. The racecar generally uses three times as much motor oil as a standard passenger car.
  11. Drivers travel 293 feet, almost the length of a football field, in one second on straight-aways when going 200 mph.
  12. Drivers can experience 3 Gs of force against their bodies, comparable to the forces pressing down on shuttle astronauts at liftoff, when doing turns. Fit drivers are better able to handle g-forces while muscle mass offers more protection in a wreck.
  13. Temperatures in the car often exceed 100 degrees, reaching as much as 170 degrees by the floorboards and as a result, drivers can lose 5-10 pounds in sweat during a race. If a driver loses more than 3 percent of his body weight in sweat during a race and doesn’t replace those fluids, focus and reflexes start declining.
  14. Drivers maintains the same heart rate as a serious marathon runner, about 120-150 beats per minute for 3-plus hours.
  15. The most asked question about drivers is if and how they go to the restroom during their race.
  16. Steel and Foam Energy Reduction (SAFER) barriers reduces crash impacts on drivers by 70 percent or more. These have been installed at most of the tracks.
  17. No driver has died since NASCAR began requiring head-and-neck restraints in 2001.

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